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Fire Lay The Proper Construction and Ignition after a Night of Rain

What I thought we’d do today is: we would go back and put another article on our basic survival series: basic survival knowledge series on how to build a proper fire leg, how to build a proper bird nest or tinder bundle, and how to ignite that and coax It into flame one of the things that I truly believe is that you have to practice skills continuously so that you can maintain ownership, lots of survival, type skills or sustainability.

Type skills are perishable skills. They have to be practiced on a continual basis and dirt time is the only way to do that and there’s one thing about fire. That is absolutely true, and that is that usually your fire is going to be the hardest to start and the hardest to maintain. When you absolutely need it, and if you think about that, it’s true, so the more we make fires in the more ways we use to make our fires with different materials with different ignition sources, with different types of fire, lays all of those things in different weather Conditions especially go to owning that skill, and if you own that skill and it becomes muscle memory, it’s much easier for you in an emergency scenario – stay with me we’re going to get started so we’ve gone out.

We’ve collected these two larger branches. I’ve also collected a large pile of smaller sticks and put them in my pack, as you can see here, what we want to do with these smaller sticks after we get them out of our pack and onto the ground. Is we really want to categorize? These sticks to begin with, to say which ones are going to be initial kindling and which ones are going to be fuel and if any of them are a possibility to be used as a tinder resource or if there’s tinder resources available on them and the main Reason I collected these two tulip: poplar branches is to process my tender, so what I’m going to do is I’m going to categorize the sticks.

First break up the larger tulip poplar that will let the bark come off of that tulip poplar as I process it. I can strip it off, so we’re going to create our fuel pile and our kindling pile and we will process our tinder or our bird’s nest after the fact and you’ll see that start to come apart as we process this wood so stay with me. Okay, so in my mind, when I am getting, my fire lay ready, and these small sticks like this are pretty much just going to be the lower part of my fire delay to keep my fire off the ground because they’re too small to really do a lot With as far as the length goes, where they were broken off, sticks like this that are around the size of pencils or smaller, are going to be my kindling.

So I want to separate those as best I can from the rust and put those in an individual pile and that one right there is kind of pushing the upper limit of what I would call kindling anything bigger than that is going to become fuel and the Key to a good fire is to make sure that you put your components on the fire around the fire in the fire when you build it, so that your smallest material of your most combustible material, because it’s smaller in diameter, it’s going to combust sooner.

That’s like trying to hold a cigarette lighter on a match, the opposite end, not the match head in, but think about a match or a small pencil and hold your flame over that pencil and see how long it takes for that to catch fire. Then do the same thing with the stick. The size of your thumb and you’ll find out if both sticks are the same from the same material that someone the size of the pencil will catch fire more readily because it’s smaller it takes less time to heat.

That up so things like this are going to become a fuel source, and I don’t want these things to be too long. But I don’t want me to be too short, which is why I put most of these in this pile because they were what I would consider to short and I’ll continue to process this stuff down, and you can see there’s a tulip poplar right there. I can tell by the stringy bark that this is tulip poplar and if I were worried about that, I would take that off.

But I’m not worried about it because I’ve got some bigger pieces. If I were trying to conserve bird nest material or something like that or I was short on bird nest material, then I would worry about collecting that stuff up. Once I get my stuff categorized into piles, I want to look and see what I’ve really got, but I haven’t process my two branches down yet so I have a long ways to go for me. Generally speaking, I’d like to have my tinder pile and my fuel pile pretty much equal to begin with, and then my sustainability fuel, which I would consider things bigger than my thumb, is going to be my smallest pile in the beginning, and I work up to that.

As I go so now, we have our fire leg base here of small sticks. We have a pile of pencil, size and smaller sticks here we have something bigger than pencil size here and we need more of this. So now we’re going to get our tulip poplar branches and we will begin to process them down by coming up here to the end and breaking off these smaller sticks and putting them into respective piles in the respective links.

Just like this, and as we break this down, you can see this bark that’s coming off. This is going to become our bird nest material. So any of this dried bark, this really fine, hairy bark that comes off of here. This is what I want to put in my bird nest, pile and I’ll put that over here off to the side on a stump. I won’t worry about getting too ridiculous with it, because I have a big branch of this stuff, but as I go, you can see that stuff is going to break off as I go and as it breaks off that’s when I’m going to collect it and pile It up whether it’s a big piece right there, so we’ll grab that and we’ll collect it up.

Okay, so now, let’s evaluate this bark that we have anything that looks like it might be damp, I’m going to set it in one pile away from the rest, because it’s not going to be as highly combustible, but it will absolutely burn as soon as I get Open flame to it, so if it doesn’t look bone-dry like this and it’s got a different color to it, then I’m going to set it aside and I’m going to keep the stuff.

That’s bone dry like this, and this is what I’m going to start the process for my bird nest and the way I’m going to do that is I’m just going to start turning it over in my hands just like this, and what that’s going to do is That’s going to break all the outer bark off in that outer bark well, generally speaking, fall onto the stump and can be wiped off and out of our way and it’ll take a little while to get all of the inner bark out of this.

So we’ll just continue to shred this and work it in our hands until all of the inner bark or most of the inner bark is gone, and we can just wipe that into a pile of small pieces and get rid of it. Now we don’t have to be as critical with this bird nest if we’re not trying to ignite it by ember. If we’re satisfied that we have dry enough material, that it will ignite with our fair cerium, rot alone, we don’t have to be as critical as far as how fine this material has to be.

What we do want is a lot of fine fibers like this, that are sticking up in the air to catch our sparks that we do want. So we still have to be cognizant, at least of that, and if there’s some outer bark left in there, that’s not going to matter either with the ferrocerium rod fire now we’re starting to get less of the bark here and we’re starting to get more fine fibers. Those fine fibers are what I’m going to strike in the end with my ferrocerium rod in the middle of my tinder bundle, which is what this is or bird nest, depending on how you want to term it.

It’s not really a bird nest because we’re not using an ember we’re going to strike into it with our feral rod, and this stuff right here is what we’re going to strike. So we’re going to set this aside on our haversack, getting rid of the dust and continue to process now. One thing – that’s very important for us to understand in this process is that the size of our tinder bundle or the size of our twig bundle or the size of our bird nest, depending on how we are igniting.

This fire is the amount of time we’re going to have a pure flame to ignite our kindling and our fuel and make a sustainable fire, so the bigger this is and the more dense the material as far as burn ability goes. If it’s dry grass, it’s going to burn up very quickly inter barks burn slower, so we want to be cognizant of that as well, because it’s going to dictate how long we really have to get our fire going.

Okay, so now we’ve got to make our initial fire lay. What we want to do is we want to take. The smallest sticks that we have first, and we want to kind of make a teepee like this, so that we can take advantage of the updraft effect of our flames on our heat, so that that updraft will come through here and heat always is going to rise. And so will our flame and we want it to be able to have plenty of places to get to so we’re going to build this in kind of a teepee fashion, giving ourself a place to put our tinder bundle, but we’ll be able to pull this down Over the top, when we’re done and I’ll show you what I mean by that after we get our tender bundle left, but this just needs to be random doesn’t have to be stacked in any particular fashion, but you want to make sure that it can breathe.

So you don’t want to put so many sticks on here that there is nowhere to have airflow. Then I’m going to take some of the smaller sticks that I’ve got my big pile and start working them in on the outside. Then I’ll get a few a little bit bigger and then work them around the outside okay, so once we’ve got those sticks on our a-frame or our teepee, whatever you want to call this, all we’re going to do now is we’re just going to make sure we’ve Got a good place for our tinder bundle.

We slide it in there. It’s not going to knock everything down because we’ll pull this over the top. When we get our bundle in here, but we won’t add any more fuel to this fire until the flames are above. The current level of fuel and that’s what’s important to understand otherwise, we’ll smother the fire we have to provide Heat, we have to provide oxygen or air flow and we have to provide fuel now.

At this point, I’m just going to take my tinder bundle, not that small fuzz that I’m going to light with my Ferro rod, but just my tinder bundle or my bird nest, whatever you want to call it and stick it in my fire leg. Just like this spread it out a little bit, so they can flame him up, and I want to create a little pocket right here and that pocket is where I’m going. To put this small highly combustible material, and I want to give it plenty of airspace fluff.

It out a little bit and expose plenty of fine hairs. Now right here to the side, I have my wetter, bark and my fuel, so this water bark I’m just going to kind of take it and rough it up a little bit. I’r not even worried about making this perfect, because this is going to be fuel, then I’m going to add – and it’s going to be my emergency fuel, because I know it’s going to be highly combustible compared to the fuel in case my fire starts to go out Or something goes wrong, I’m going to keep this by as an emergency to put on my fire a little lot of time.

If I have to once I know my fire is sustainable, then I can use it or I can save it to dry out for the next fire, depending on whether I have to use it or not. I’ll set that off to the side and my fuel pile is here: okay, now at this point, I’m ready to ignite my fire, but what’s important to understand, is the proper use of this ferrocerium rod. A lot of people make the mistake of taking their knife and pushing it away from the rod like this, and what that does is it makes you push your knife into your tinder bundle, or your fire lay and blows everything apart.

What you really want to do is you want to anchor that knife somewhere close to your ignitable material or the material that you plan to combust, find yourself something good, that you can rest your hand on. That’s not going to move, get your thumb tuck in there. Real good, then you want to pull the Ferro rod toward you like this, hold the knife study and pull the feral rod toward you. You now I could be on the ground blowing my guts out right now to give this thing air flow, but if I’m wearing a wide brim hat, I got that licked.

I don’t have to worry about it. I always want to add oxygen or air from below the fire at the base of the fire, not on top directly down on top of the fire. I got a good thick tinder pile in there. It’s going to take it a while to burn, and that’s good, because that’s going to give me plenty of time for those flames to ignite my Kinley. Remember what I said the size of that tinder bundle is going to dictate how long you have of open flame to get combustion effected on the stuff that you’ve got piled on top of it, like your tinder bundle like your kindling once I’ve got that burning, pretty Good I’m going to go ahead and pull that down just like that over the top, where I can still push fire or push air in from the base down here.

Once I get flames up into the canopy of that teepee. Now I can just let the fire do the work once I have flames above the fuel now I can add some bigger pieces of fuel on there spread them out like this, so I’m not closing the oxygen off to the fire and again let the fire do. The work alright folks, i’m dave cameron, pathfinder school. I appreciate you joining mater for this quick back to the basic lesson on how to build a proper fire leg, collect the proper materials, build a proper tinder, tight bundle, ignite that bundle and airflow to the bottom.

Your fire to get a sustainable fire. This fire has been burning for less than five minutes and it’s plenty sustainable. That’s. What you need to understand is how to make a quick, sustainable fire will save your life. I appreciate your views. I appreciate your support. I thank you for everything you do for me for my school, for my family i’ll be back to another article soon, as I can thanks guys, you


 

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Easy Long Lasting DIY Burn Barrel….How Well Does It Work ?

So you can see all the cool stuff that we’re up to, but moving on from that guys, the trash is piling up and that burn barrel. It doesn’t have another, it doesn’t have another another day of burning trash left in it. So today we’re making a new burn barrel. I picked up a few things from the hardware store to get this moving.

I got a new idea, got a little Theory i’ma test out, I’m going to raise my new burn barrel off the ground with cinder blocks. I did that with my last one, but the kicker is what I’m going to do underneath that burn barrel to take care of all the ashes and stuff. That’s going to be the new experimental thing that we’re trying out today. So stick with me and let’s make a burn barrel. That’s! What’s left of my burn barrel, there is pretty much pretty much.

Nothing left, she’s seen better days guys and she is done. She does not have one more fire left in her. We are going to put her out of her misery today. I know guys it’s sad, it’s sad, I know, but it had to be done. I had to be done guys. Cuz, there’s nothing left this barrel I had to put the old girl out of her misery. She didn’t suffer, I’m telling you she didn’t suffer. She is, but you can see, there’s nothing left of this burn barrel.

So what we’re looking to do is I’m going to build a burn barrel that doesn’t collect ash. This ash she’ll sit in the bottom. If you don’t empty it out right away, it gets wet and then just starts rotting away. Your your drum, you know in its hot-cold hot-cold worst scenario for metal, so we’re going to get this off the ground and I’m going to show you I’m going to get ash to fall through the bottom of this.

So we can make our burn barrel last longer. Guys, let’s get to it all right, we got herself, we got ourselves a 55-gallon drum guys. You can get these virtually anywhere and more unlikely given for free. Everybody wants to get rid of these things, because in my line of work we either going to pay to have them recycled. We got to pay a guy, an hourly wage, to cut the tops out of them by law and crush them, and then they should be rinsed out too so hey if they can just give them away the better.

So, with this drum here, you’re going to read out for things that carry or hold nasty things you don’t want to be. A part of oil drums are going to be your best thing to get because they tend to be not rusted out on the inside. Even though they might look really bad on the outside, the inside is usually pretty good. This one’s a Vista uh mr. Filter compressor oil. They use this in refrigeration compressors, it’s just a basic mineral type of oil, so she’s good to go.

So what we’re going to do is I’m going to pop the tops off these and I’m going to take a sawzall, we’re going to cut the top out and then we’re going to cut the bottom out and I’m going to show you what we’re going to do On this bottom half of this drum to make the ashes fall through and then once all said and done. If we’ve got enough light, we’re going to put some ventilation holes in the only way.

I know how guys so first things. First, I’m going to open this barrel up and make sure that there’s nothing inside this barrel, that’s going to be flammable that has a flash or vapor flash. So when I’m cutting sparks this thing doesn’t go poof in my face. You never know it feels Billy Joe’s. First day on the job he put some funky stuff in here, so hey bloglocks, like this, get these uh these bombs off.

So you can open up the bumhole. That’s what it’s called guys. It’s called a bunghole. You know what people give me a hard time for buying cheap tools like this. This isn’t super cheap, but it’s not the wall Milwaukee or anything, but guys around the house. If you’re just doing projects and you’re, not a industrial contractor of any sort dude you could totally get by with these, don’t be don’t be caught up with the name brands, I’ve always get into Walt and stuff, so both sides of the barrel are cut out.

Now. Now I want to show you what I’m going to use to put on the other side of this barrel, to keep your masters collecting and holding that moisture and rotting. My drum out – and here it is it’s just the cheap, grill grate. So what my plan is, is I’m going to weld this right there and theory when I flip this over, the ashes will just fall through when I’m burning on top of cinder blocks. So that’s the theory.

So let’s try this out. Let’s get this thing welded on here, we’ll get some ventilation holes in it and hopefully we’re burning trash before we lose the daylight. So I got ta hurry up on this and stop running my my mouth and get going all right. Let’s do it now, I’m putting some good heavy tax on this because mind you this thing’s, it’s going to be expanding and contracting it’s going to be getting hot.

If I put a little chintzy little tack welds on there, they’re going to pop loose in no time so try to put some good ones on there within the end, this is a burn barrel. Okay, so we got our welder Dan. I think she’s pretty solid. So it’s all its left is get some ventilation holes put in this thing. I think we still got some daylight to get that done. So, let’s get to it yummy, alright, so my theory behind this is the ash will fall through the can onto the ground.

Underneath the brick collect on the bottom, so I could scoop it out and throw in the ditch when it’s all extinguished. This is going to keep the ash out the bottom of the can and rust in the bottom of the drum out, should I say – and it’s also going to give me a lot of ventilation, so I can burn trash efficiently and I have it smoldering when you Have people over or – and you have to smell that for a long period of time, so we’re going to get some we’re getting some ventilation holes put in this thing we’re going to wind up using my freedom twig, I’m not going to bring out the freedom stew.

It stick I’m going to use the freedom twig and we’re going to put some holes in this the best way. I know how so let’s get started now I’m going to have to go through about four more five: more of these twig magazines to put the ventilation holes, those perfect nine millimeter ventilation holes in there so I’ll get through all that I had to try it once. I mean I don’t know what the big deal is. I, why do people like shooting like this? I have no idea, I could have hit squat, I mean I’m just shooting a drum, but I’m not shooting it the place that I wanted to shoot it guys.

I want to remind you, I’m a trained professional when it comes to handling firearms. I spent six years in the Marine Corps and I served as a sniper in the space force, I’m just playing I’m just playing, but I was in the Marine Corps, so I do know how to handle a weapon or two we’re almost there yeah. Now I can hear I said we’re done putting ventilation holes in that drum now, so we’re going to get those that thing on the blocks, we’re going to load it up with a little bit of a trash fire up and see how she works.

I usually use diesel fuel to get these fires going, but I’m thinking uh with that ventilation in there it’s not going to be an issue. Well, she’s working. You believe that fire it’s burning, you started something fire and it catches on fire. It’s amazing. I think the ventilation is working really well. Oh man, little bit of air move through that thing. Now total investment in this project, 20 bucks thing cost me $ 20, a little bit of time and a free barrel.

Now I told you you can get these barrels anytime anywhere practically free. These got stop over and ask somebody if you can have a barrel now, the first time you’re using these barrels, you’re – probably not going to want to stand too close to them, because all that paint and stuff is burning off. Not that you want to stand close to trash barrels, but you probably want to get it going and just let it sit a little bit stay away from it that things really working that air is just flowing man now you can see in the back.

I’ve got some garbage that is just your regular household garbage that we need to get burnt up. Now, that’s going to be the true test to see how that burns. You know plastics and stuff like that there and inside there are they going to clog the grade up. Are they going to combust completely and turn to ash? I don’t know we’re going to find out and see how this thing really burns. Legit garbage. So I’m going to start this fire up again with the paper materials that we have and then once we get it nice and hot, then I’m going to start throwing the bags on.

Oh man, I almost ate it right there jeez Louise. I can’t wait for spring time seriously, all right, so it’s going to light her up just like that, throw her in start adding stuff to it. Guys, I’m going to link my other article on boroughs up top, it’s a quick five-minute article showing you basically the dangers of burning trash. I’r in that article. I share a story of somebody that I know personally, who was in pretty much intensive care for having a trash fire burn up on them and explode because uh using wrong kind of flammable materials in the wrong time of year.

So check that article out it seemed to linked up top all right. I think she’s ready to start handling some bag trash, I’m trying not to slip on this sheet of ice man. I can’t stress the importance of reading out for flame and wind direction when you’re putting trash in there, because, God with me with this, majestic beard of mine, may be gone in a Sukkot and you’ll. See me slapping myself to death, trying to get my beard out and obviously the facial burns that you can get from this so be sure, you’re wearing long, sleeves, gloves, stuff, cotton material know, try not to wear anything polyester in case you do catch on fire because, Like I said my friend that that happened to, he was wearing a polyester shirt and when that stuff burns onto you, if worst case scenario, you do catch on fire, you got a drop rotting, stop drop and roll man.

You don’t want plastic stuck to your skin and that’s what polyester clothing is it’s basically plastic woven strings and it melts to you and you can’t get it off and it just burns and burns and burns burn now. What’s happened in the past. Is I’ve loaded that drum up and it smothers itself out, because you can’t get any oxygen underneath, so I have to sit there and tend to it and stir it like a big pot of stew for anybody who is in service overseas stirring those half-cut drums of Of crap from the porta-johns burn in with diesel fuel yeah, it brought those days back.

You see, there’s stir that stuff up trying to get that fire to keep it burning. I’r going to try to overload this and see how well it keeps up. So, let’s overload it see what happens hello, man haha, you guys see that. Did you guys see how fast that fire changed direction and flared up on me? I was paying attention, thank God, but uh. I was able to get out of that flame in time. So she’s overloaded, really bad in a normal burn barrel.

That thing would have been that thing will be extinguished and it wouldn’t be able to keep up it would just smolder out and he’d create a bunch of smoke like it’s doing right now. Let’s see how it does I’m going to get the rest of stuff in there, though boy do I have a mess to clean up, I’m going to have to rake all this stuff up this spring and my plan is I’m going to put a bunch of limestone Rock down here, the problem during the winter time when I’m burning down here, is that ground starts to thaw.

As you can see, this is all ice around here, but this is all thought out cos the fire thoughts. The ground now turns into a big muddy mess. It’s just uh, it’s just not a pleasant experience to come down here and wash around in mud and then slip and fall and do all this stuff. So I’m going to put rock down here this spring. Well, she seems to be seems to be keeping up. It’s burning it down that air flow is really working yeah.

I got pick all that up. That’s when that bag busted open but yeah, like I said, I’m going to clean all this stuff up I’ll get all this stuff cleaned up, get rock over this. So it’s not such a mess, and this is the reason why I really wanted to do this, because I want to control that ash and I’m going to. I want to be able to pick it up and scoop it up and dispose of it instead of having a big pile of ash here.

Alright, guys I’m running out daylight, and this fire is not showing any signs of slowing down to give you an idea. What kind of ash is going to be left over, but it is definitely getting plenty of airflow, as you can tell, and it is control eekum busting everything inside that drum right now, so we’re going to have to pick up where we left off tomorrow, starting right Now it’s the next day and I’m interested see oops hit the hit.

The plow Drive pay attention not to the camera, all right, free and clear she’s sluggish, alright guys. So if it’s a little windy, I apologize but we’re going to check on how well this fire barrel did because I’m thinking it did a great job. Well, let’s find out here she is untouched from last night, not a lot of ash. What’s it look like on the inside, oh well, let’s see how much is solid, solid, tripping over so much solid.

Pretty much did what I wanted to do. I think this did a wonderful job, good ventilation. No acids were left in there, except for the ones that didn’t fall through, but that’s just because they didn’t have enough weight or gravity to pull themselves through bit. They obviously shook through there and a good windy day, and it feels the rain. I think that bear would get wet. Those acid would fall down through the bottle whew.

It is extremely cold and windy. How guys man, I am stoked that did such a good job. Well, I’m going to call that end to this episode and if you liked what you saw – and you want to see some future content be sure to LIKE and subscribe and I’ll see you on the next episode of sunny slope. Homestead alright, see you later guys.


 

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Helpful Tips For Dealing With Little Black Bugs In Bed — Seattle’s Best Pest Detection

What !?! Black bug in my bed? What the hell am I supposed to do!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Who do I call?

Helpful Tips For Dealing With Little Black Bugs In Bed — Seattle’s Best Pest Detection
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How To Build An Elevated Survival Fire To Cook In A Flood

It's a type of thing that you would use if there's been heavy rain in a swampy, boggy type area where you need to raise the fire off the ground, so you can do a bit of cooking. So at the side, there's going to be a little working area, little working space and as far as I'm aware, I don't think this has been shown before on YouTube.

But I just want to show you this today, so you've got an idea of what to do. If you're ever in a situation where you need to build a fire off the ground, so stick with us guys, let's get cracking so the lights a little bit funky, but I'm going to try and do what I can given the type of light lighting conditions that We've got the the cloud is very thick of them all and that's why it's as dark as it is.

So I don't think there's going to be snow today, but the temperatures just above minus so today the equipment I've got with me is the old force acts. This is the 18 inch model with a 1 and 3/4 pound head, so shaft is 18 inch and I've got the silky big boy, and I've also got this silky gun boy as well. So some of the things I'm going to need to look for first are straight Y sticks. Basically, I need round about six of them.

Two of them need to be extended, so I'm going to put a piece of timber across to hang food on. So that's going to be above the fire and then I'm going to need a load of straight logs and a couple of cross beams as well to get it all working together if you've ever been in a swamp or you've visited a flooded area, you'll often see Trees that have fallen and laid down or floating and you'll often find branches that are above the water and they're the time for branches that you need to take as the iris to Deadwood from this spruce, I'm taking the branches or the limbs from the top half These top limbs have been exposed to the air, so any rain – that's happened over the past few days.

The air and the wind will have tried those branches out. All the branches below they'll be picking up moisture from the ground, so they'll be wet, so spite the dead pine. I can harvest this utilize it for the crossbeams and some of the logs that I'm going to need to make the worktop before felling. The tree. I checked out the bark in the bag was coming off, revealing the cambium layer. This is an indication of the trees, dead or dying.

You could see this later on. In the day when I was processing the fire water. By the way, as you can see, the backs coming off the backs just peeling off that's one of the signs. You know it's dead, it's a dead piece of water, I'm doing a rough measurement of around two and a half feet. The silky big fire. Just over 30 inches in full length, which is just over 200 feet, I used about 16 pieces at its length, and this is something you've got to keep in mind when you're thinking about the size of your workspace and besides the fire information, the bigger the workspace, The greater the fire, the more energy you could have expended much at this point, I'm just dressing the water getting off any sharp, thorns or bits that sticking out – and I start to reveal the heartwood for this particular limb.

Now it's often mistaken for fat wood, but the bright orange part you can see now it's actually the heart and the lighter part is the SAP port and just underneath the bark you have the cambium layer beautiful. This fact, what's been harvested from Scots pine, that's been lay here for at least two to three years, it's dry and it smells more like paraffin or turpentine going to fire on that in a minute.

So the idea guys is to put the stakes in the ground and then we're going to put a crossbeam and then we're going to rest these logs the rest these logs across the two cross beams. So for that I need Super Bowl ground. This grounding. Isn't that suitable, because there's a something there? Maybe this might be all right right, put that under there just to level it off. Now we start placing this the piece of logs logged on top just to make a flat surface.

I work it to the fish as well right, so this is where we're going to put the fire, and this is going to be the work surface. So I could do is getting a couple more logs just to be on the safe side, but you may be thinking. How is it going to put a fire on there? Will it burn through? Wouldn't it make sense that heat oxygen fuel it's just going to catch fire. Well, we need to cover this area here, give it a protective layer so that when the the heat hits some of the surface, it won't be hot enough to actually burn the wood.

Nice and sharp so yeah, all the the barkoff. You can make yourself a little few curls if you wish, just for the fun of it now, for the next part, you're going to need some sort of digging tool to to dig up some soil. That's what I'm going to need now proper soil, not Duff, because Dolph, what that will do is it won't protect the would need proper soil clay soil. If you can, it's only dig down, get myself some decent soil and then cover the areas where the fire is going to lay.

First of all, I put some moss down, so the I should be fine. Now we can place the know can place this soil. On top, so I'm going to find some soil here, so we use that this perfect carve it. Oh yeah, odd stuff, see the dog there. Oh deep, it goes, but this is what's going to stop the fire from burning through the air, the water. So I collect a load of this, but, as you can see now, we've made the base there.

That's going to be good enough to hold our fire right now. We've got that the based on it's time to collect some wood for the fire. They get some food on the go once I clean this beautiful Spade. Is it a spade or a shovel trick? Question. Do you know the answer speed? You dig the shovel, you move, that's how I understand it guys if you know anything, different, leave a comment below. Let me know your views.

This is definitely a shovel. Come Spade type thing dig and move nicely, tucked away Johnny down there. Yet so I've got my little twigs there already. All. I would prepared managed to find some perch so we'll see what we can get together with that get prepared properly. This is the new altar force. Now, if I'm using very sharp, I've got to say which is good what you need right. It comes with its own Ferro rod.

Let's get this she's much more virtue on there get its fire going with not the much light left it's the moment in time. So one needs to build this fire up. Ido yeah! Don't let me down that very good. Let's put that on there there you go one fire happy days happy days, guys, let's see how this works out, I got ta be controlled to a certain degree, so got ta manage it. What I'll do I think? That's not too bad in it now.

Let's just see how this works: if it all goes up in flames, then one might look a fool, but it's certainly worth giving a go, can also get a brew on this. Is the titanium titanium frying pan I've got. I can do some eggs on that. Oh yeah, that we've done in two ticks nice there's many different practical uses for this one. If you're like me and you get a bit old and you you don't want to be bending down all the time well, this is great.

I can spread some of this. So long that all we want basically is coals hot coals. So I'm going to give my titanium frying, pan they're, going to just to be on the safe side, get a brillo mask Tommy, bending memory, just managing that fire we're starting to settle boys and girls starting to sizzle. As you can see, it's not it's still in one piece I'll get by jinuk she likes to make hot soup. This isn't the best method, I think for cookie Baker.

Cuz stop! Here it's going to remain on uncooked, so I may have to revert to sticking them in the frying pan underneath there I'm not sure we can see that guys, but I'm concerned it ain't burning. I'r going to put this bacon cheers guys, that's tasty, so nice to get out every now and again, the bacon is just cooking, black pudding is done and the eggs are just right now. Did you read my last article won't play this well, what to Kin? The downfall beautiful mystical place and it's somewhere where I go every year, that's a bit of a pilgrimage thing.

After Christmas and New Year, just to burn off the break in the new year so you'll be enjoyed. It was a good walk, you're. Looking at roundabouts 16k bad on what that is in miles 10 miles, then I have my awesome to either I set off at. I think it was 11 o'clock, actual football um on the path the Pennine way and got back for about our five. So I've done a fair bit of filming, as you saw in the article, a lot of filming with the drone and the lighting was terrible.

Lighting was terrible and it has been pretty dull over the past few days. So I just hope this. The lighting on this article turns out better anyway enough jibber-jabber, it's time for me in the bhaji to chow down that's if this raised fire hasn't completely burnt down at the time that I've been talking to you so anyway, guys any suggestions that you have any comments About this article, anything anything that you think well, maybe you could have done that differently or adaptations or whatever it may be.

You. Let me know inbox me or comment in the comment section bye guys now. The main purpose – frost, Big Ear today or for me being here me and the bad G, guys boynton, the bacon point, the bacon, that's not too bad, but guys you get the point, don't you as soon as I've finished here Ian this lovely lunch or late lunch? Well inspector, would you much so once we peel back a protective layer, we'll see whether it's scratched any of them, and then they still give us an indication of how many times you could actually use this type of fire? How many times you could actually use this type of system sort of say cuz, they know don't.

You know, could probably keep on doing this as long as you look after money's defiant and you create you, keep on and putting your fresh bed down. That's slightly moist, not too much, because that what that will do is it'll draw the moisture up. The failure will suck up the moisture you'll end up putting the fire out, so you want it dancort damp, but not sudden. We've not used one bits of paracord college twine.

This is freestanding. Let us have a little look at. What lays beneath is the fire other than the MOT yeah. You can feel this warmth on the logs for there's no damage no damage to any of these looks fire. Scorch marks or burn marks very dark, no fire, so yeah it's time to head back well, thanks for reading guys and they hope you've enjoyed. If you can guys share this article, people who have are in flooded areas flooded environments will find it particularly useful.

So until next time guys, you take care I'll, see you on the next one.


 

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How Native Americans Made Fire 200 Years Ago

You need your fire, a kid in a dry spot like I do, I’m going to show you actually how to make fire the way I’m dressed today, I’m dressed from 200 years together and 200 years ago, one of the most common thinking we would have had in Our survival bags or our pouches that I’ve you see me wearing was a fire striker our blacksmith right over there.

Ben Rogers is actually making some of these stripers and he does have some of them over there. He said for sale, so if you want to get one, that’s where you’d want to go now. This is what’s called blended steel and it’s basically the idea of where a big lighter got its idea from okay, the big lighter when you rub the ground thing. That’s the steel running across a piece of Flint and what happened to get a spark read this.

This is hardened steel from an old fire or something like that and a little piece of Flint. This is actually an old musket. Flint is kits that wore out and instead of throwing it away, I like to use it for my fire kit, because this black flat throws off real good spark and if I don’t get a good spark, I got to shave off the rust. Get rid of that rust, or maybe I got a sharpen up the edge on that Flint.

A dull edge, won’t give you a good spark, but if you got a good, sharp V, some Flint and a good striker, you should get spark every strike. Just like I’m doing here, you sell this parse. Those sparks are tiny shavings of Steel coming off that that’s what it is as a matter of fact, if I use this enough times, probably will be more my lifetime. I would actually wear it out, but it would take an awful lot.

Good horn piece of steel will last a while and that’s what you’re seeing there this far now. The way to do this is to capture the spark and what I’m going to use to capture the spark is a cloth just like I’m learning accept it to confirm and by burning the cloth it becomes char. The char is too kind of like halfway between ashes and cloth. Okay, it’s just charred kind of keep it dry, though all’s it takes is a good little piece of char clock there catch your spark.

The first spark that hits that it’s going to light it now to get the flame I’ve got a nest over here. This nest is made out of some Spanish moss. I like to use the old pine needles, the ones that’s been – walked over on the trails and becomes fluff or maybe, if it’s rainy like today, and we can’t have any good dry material find a palm tree. That’s got the boot still on there, yank them off. You got that hair back in the between the bark and the trunk of the tree and the boots.

That’s called monkey here. People call it or gorilla hair, but it uh, it’s actually the palm fiber and it works real good for fire-starting, even on a wet day. Sometimes you can pull that palm tree apart and get some dry material, forgetting your fire going. Okay, let’s see if we can get this to happen, one spark or two sparks whatever takes to land on that to get it going here we go here there. It is already burning: one spark hit it there now our nest little bit hair you go about that whoo.

Do you think


 

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1

Build a Fire in a Reverse Flow Smoker…. The Frank Method

This one here's one hundred and sixty gallon cook chamber, so the firebox is only about twenty by twenty four ish. Something like that. So it's not as big as like a 250-gallon tank, so anyway we're going to it's the same principle, no matter how big your your cooker is. You just may need to adjust like how much charcoal how much wood you're using stuff.

I prefer to use charcoal because it's cheap, you know, and I got to buy wood where I matter. I got to go out and break my back to cut it, so I usually get a couple chimney started with just any old blue bag. You know change from blue bag or whatever charcoal, and you can either set these on newspaper and light the paper you know and get them started that away here's another chimney. I've already got ready to go on my cookie right.

Here's Q chimneys, for I just get a burn going. That's the easiest way and it don't take much you just set it on there for just until you get some smoke rolling, so you start to see kind of the smoke starting to roll. Once you get a pretty good head of smoke, going just turn off your gas and it'll take over from there on this other chimney is still going we're going to let them burn for just a little bit hairy back all right these this chimney here is done.

This is kind of what you're looking for whenever one of these chimneys is done, that's probably a little more than I would normally leave it. So what I'm going to do now is I'm going to take this. My firebox has a basket in it, and I took and put a little piece of expanded metal down in there so that I can keep these coals from falling through. You go read your hands when you do this because you get a fire come up out of there like that, you know see how they're not all the way a hundred percent black, so I just leave them like that.

That's pretty good! So what I would do next is wait on that other chimney, but since we're doing the article here and stuff – and we want you to show you how I take a couple splits – I always say fist-sized – you know splits throw on this cooker. I use two of them at a time to get started with and then that's all you need, Plus that little chimney that one more chimney to go and I'm going to leave.

It sit like this. Until that woods, 100 % going it'll it'll be fully engulfed and we'll have some flames coming up out of there. So here in a second I'm going to grab that other chimney. I don't think it's done right, this other chimneys about as done as I want it to be, so you can kind of get tired of waiting. Sometimes you know, then so I got two chimneys or so on there a couple logs. It's been burning for a little bit, so here's one more log just to make it right.

You know, and so we're going to let this other would get going real good. You can see it takes off pretty quick once you, this is oak. I threw on here right now, but see how the flames are starting to climbing about almost yay hall yay tall, so here in a second I'm going to kick this thing in there. So I just take that basket in there like that and leave the door about like that right there, because what will happen now is it's going to start looking for air and you'll see the flames will start rolling out right here when those flames start rolling out Right here, then, we know we got a good roared fire going to get this cooker up to ten.

I've got both of my air inlets. I got to area unless they're on the sides and I got them both all the way open and I got this door open and my stack is open and you can see it's already drawn out the state. You probably can't see on the article because the Sun, but it's already drawn out the stack a little bit you're, going to get some white smoke for a while. You know until we get to fire it right.

You know you don't make sure and do all this nonsense with this fire. You want make sure to do it away from the grass, because it'll you're always going to drop some charcoal or something it's kind of hard to tell. But now we've got some flames creeping out the door. So so at this point our fires going pretty good. So we're going to go ahead and I want to see if that's too much once it does, that we're going to shut that door all the way and let her go from here.

So now we get this cooker dialed in pretty good and we're starting to get mostly heat and then, like some thin blue smoke out the top, and these thermometers are a little out of calibration but we're running about 225 on the cook chamber. So I'm going to let it run now, for it will be running for probably thirty minutes and then what I'll do is I'll come over and check this fire? We're look at this.

You can actually see it's starting to go, see how our wood starting to get white around it – and you know it's all starting to coal up on us now – is a good time to get one more log on there and get it started because you don't want To lose a bed of coals here, pretty quick, that'll actually break down, and and it'll start you know flaking off turn into coals and suss. But so you do that about every 30 or 45 minutes you just throw one or two of them little fish size, splits on there and you'll be good.

You


 

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How To Start A Fire in Your Fireplace

 

As you see, this knife is not that big. It's an end so Necker made by the finnish company and so and the handle is actually made by yours truly. So this is one of my favorite knives. I'r pretty happy with the result, but it's it's. A very small knife to produce feather sticks in this kind of wood. This is very hard, very dry, birch wood ideal for making a fire in this kind of fireplace absolutely, but just to prove the point, I will use a small knife to produce this for the sticks, since this method is actually I mean it's not very hard.

It's very easy to produce kindling just by having split wood but yeah. If this would not be a round log, then this would not be possible really. You would have to split this somehow and yeah having a split log. You also have this sharp edges here. That would be great to produce it's felicitous, so let's get started so what I would obviously do is to start in a corner. I split so will produce feather sticks in you know all of them basically, and if something falls off then I'll just place that you know this kind of knife is not really what you get the point.

Obviously, when we have birch bark, we will feel some off and you set the skinning notice that I don't Ram the knife into the cardboard since I use my knuckles as a stop. So if I go off the edge here, oh we just knock. My knuckles into the cardboard snow may be the best way to do this, but if we would have had a lighter or some matches to ignite this stuff, we would have been done by now. But since I will use the fire still to ignite this, I would want some smaller stuff and then I take the back with a spine of my knife.

The bevel here should be a 90 degree angle on the spine, so I turn the knife around. So the edge of the knife is out from the wood, and then I use the back of the knife to scrape kindling so having some of this fine dust stuff here. This dust here would catch sparks an ignite. This stuff produce me so the way I would set things up in the fireplace would be to place a log in the back with the inner side.

The split log facing out and put the rest leftovers of the feather sticks to act as kindling, together with the birch bark that came off logs, and then I would just continue with placing another log with a split inside facing in so this would be a pretty Good reflector that would build up heat and ignite both the logs. Then I could continue by placing something here. Whenever we get there and we'll have basically two slots there, that would produce nice white warm fire.

This would burn a bit longer than your normal kind of teepee fire, so yeah, that's the one I prefer to use in a fireplace anyway, having this kind of dog here prevents the logs from rolling out. So that's how easy or difficult that was, and this fire has been burning for a while now another log. So when you get here, you can just add one log on top of the other, and you have yourself a nice fire that you don't need to attend.

Very often for the evening so I mean maybe this method took a lot longer than using newspaper or cardboard, or this kind of special waxed paper that used to light fires and fireplaces. But still we took a log processed it to make further sticks and lit the fire in in less than 10 minutes. We didn't use any other kind of kindling. Just the feather sticks beside the birch bark. Now, of course that was already on the ropes.

So it's it's a pretty simple method. I think – and it's quite a bit of an effort, of course with that small knife. But if you would have a more appropriate knife for the task, then this would have been yeah somewhat simple to do anyway. So that's it! This has been another episode of my account. I hope you enjoyed it and please comment and subscribe and until next time this is Mike


 

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Fire Fighting In The Woods: Fireline and Handtools

The line locator position can be filled by a crew boss, a subordinate of the crew boss or assigned personnel from outside the crew. The knowledge and experience level of the line locator is determined by the complexity of the assignment and the availability of personnel line. Locators must have a thorough understanding of flagging techniques.

The fire suppression tactics, reference guide, contains a valuable discussion of these techniques and should be reviewed by the crew boss, in conjunction with line location, crew bosses must take into consideration the type of fire line to be utilized. There are six basic types of fire line: fire line can be constructed by using one or a combination of the following barriers, natural and constructed hand, line mechanized line which utilizes dozers, plows and other types of mechanized equipment, wet line which utilizes ground and air delivery systems Cold trailing which utilizes the cold edge of a burned-out fire and fire line explosives hand.

Crews may be utilized in conjunction with all six types. This portion of the article will deal primarily with hand line construction. Proper tool. Selection is a critical element of hand, line construction tool. Selection will depend on fuel type, soil and terrain features to be effective. The crew boss must consider fuel types, the variety of hand, tools and the advantages of each tool in a particular fuel type.

Safety is a primary consideration and requires that the crew boss obtain properly maintained tools and ensure that they are correctly used. Remember on most crews. There is a big disparity in the different crewmembers abilities to use hand tools to ensure safe and effective hand. Crew operations, the crew boss, must be innovative and flexible, while utilizing personnel and equipment anticipate problems and deploy crew personnel.

Accordingly, when assigning tools and equipment to crew personnel, consider the following fuel type, the size and weight of the tool or piece of equipment, length and duration of the assignment personnel, endurance, factor, training and experience levels of crew personnel crew performance depends on the use of subordinate Supervisors to handle specific operational problems relating to spot fires, flare-ups along the line, multiple lookouts falling operations, hot spotting, split crew actions and staging area procedures, hand, crews are often assigned to staging areas during operational periods to resupply, feed and temporarily rest crew personnel.

The crew boss must check in and report directly to the staging area manager. Staging area procedures require a three minute getaway response time to accomplish this, the crew must remain organized and readily available. The crew boss must consider the specific burning conditions for each fuel type and give clear instructions to the crew concerning line construction standards. These instructions are called line specifications.

These specifications are commonly referred in the field as canopy width or the cut and line width, or the scrape verbal directions concerning line. Specifications should be brief and to the point, such as the line specifications are 10-foot cut with a two-foot scrape trench were necessary, consult with your operations supervisor and come to an agreement on the line specifications that are expected of your crew.

The line specification should be no wider than necessary and commensurate with the current and expected behavior of the fire. Minimum impact suppression is the implementation of land management policies designed to meet resource management, objectives and constraints. Land management agencies manage fire using tactics that reduce the environmental impacts resulting from suppression efforts. It is important that the crew boss understand these tactics.

Minimum impact suppression is an increased emphasis on doing the job of suppressing a wildland fire, while maintaining a high standard of caring for the land, actual fire conditions, and your good judgement will dictate the actions you take. Consider what is necessary to halt fire spread and ensure it is contained within the fire line or designated perimeter boundary.


 

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How to Build a Smoke-Free Upside-down Fire

This is hummingbird bed-and-breakfast in Applegate Valley in Oregon, and we’re going to show you how to build an upside-down fire, which is a very clean burning, efficient way to build a fire. This is our large masonry stove that we build our fire in every day and Dennis minors is my husband and being a host here at hummingbird and he’s going to show us how he sets this up if we were using a regular wood stove the pieces of Wood that will go on next could be considerably larger than what we’re using here, but this is a masonry stove and we want quick, hot fire and so we’re using wood.

That is pretty much the same size, but getting a little bit smaller. On top, you want to stack this up so that the big logs are on the bottom and they get smaller as you go up and in this case we’re switching to a little bit of lumber. And then I think the next is some firm which will catch a little faster, going to open the drum and just got a little bit of paper is going to put in, and that paper is going to go in between the fur and a little bit more Paper nestled in between the logs there and then the kindling is going to go across.

The top of that is soaked. When the paper burns, the kindling will settle down on top of the pieces of wood and continue to burn, rather than just falling off. The pile advantage to this is when this fire is lighted. You will burn down completely from the top to the bottom, without any more fussing and with a very clean burn reason for that by the time the fire burns down to the bottom, where the largest carbon mass is, there will be a very, very hot fire.

On top of it, which will burn all the gases makes it much more efficient, burning, hotter and cleaner. Let’s make sure that the burn on top is really strong. It has to last long enough to ignite that fir right below it. Here’s that same fire about 10 minutes after was lighted we’ve moved outside now. This is the straw bale home that Dennis, and I share with our bed-and-breakfast guests and if we look in the window real closely here, you’ll be able to see that the fire is burning.

Very nicely, and then we will look up on the roof and see that there is no smoke coming out of this chimney. We are not adding any pollution to this clear, blue winter sky, and that is the real beauty of an upside-down fire. It’s the same fire a little bit later. It’s still hasn’t been touched or rearranged in any way. If this were a traditional metal, wood stove, where you wanted a fire to burn longer, you could add more wood at this point and not get much smoke, because these coals are so hot that another couple of Lum wooded night very quickly and burn very cleanly.

We hope that you’ve enjoyed reading this information about how to build an upside-down fire. A great deal of the world’s population heats and cooks with wood fires, and then there are those of us who just like to have a fire every evening in the winter and build campfires during the summer, and all of that smoke is actually making a greater contribution To pollution than we might think, so we made this article in hopes that you will post it on Facebook post it on your YouTube, blogs and Twitter about it.

Any other way that you can think of to share it, because this is information that is really important. We could actually make a difference in the world if we all built our fires upside down. Thank you. So much for reading you


 

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5584

Morning Hike

You can now go to the beach, and apparently you don’t have to keep like a social distance rules and like there’s, no cops enforcing that that’s terrible.

So I mean we still kind of got like our social distancing going on and last week we decided to come to this park. We’re in Hillsboro State Hills were a River State Park. We decided to come last week with less his friend Lauren, but dude the arrow saga. We came for Memorial Day and you it just rained on her house the moment that we arrived here started ringing. We do like a small hike, but it wasn’t that good yeah.

What yeah we just been like less than an hour here! So, no I’m fine right now, so we decided to come back today and we ring the Luna Luna went yesterday for the bet and she got all her shots done so yeah she’s ready for the summer – and we decided to take her here so we’re going to Go for a hike, we’d, learn it. Let’s go all right for mosquito ready. Also, if we get lost, we have eye compass, a compass, quick body, break quick, so we check that what every 4 live in this morning we’re supposed to have sunny skies like this till at least 1 p.

M. But you never know with 4 yeah. So let’s get ahead and did this park is so pretty and like we are like so close and we have never come by hits like that. These are like a second time here and we are we leaving Floria since 2011. It is our first time that we saw this park. Look so pretty big. I want to find out yeah, you got ta, be careful, there’s how the Gators here you know now careful last time we came and we did the paint being our trail yeah.

I was just like one mile today we’re going to do the cemetery. Look everything look like in that tunnel, so you just have to follow this trail and it’s going to make like a big loop. Give you like five miles. There is 13 feet of elevation on this thing, so it’s pretty strange for Florida. We’ve been talking about like Lunas time for a shower, and I think this was like the perfect change for her. Please stop for a little bit of food, so do now also need a water she’s, also getting cliff she.

Those are getting close first. Alright, our food stop is ready. Next up is our car. Alright looks like I saw a trail and the right time place to get him back this way. Alright, we are back to Research Center parking lot. What do you think other trail? I think it was great beautiful old Seri water was clear when I was happy great. It was a great day yeah. It was a great way to start a family well and someone’s like one o’clock.

Alright bye anyway, yeah we’re going home time to get some food and Steve with you right. Here. It’s going to get a shower yeah. She doesn’t know yet, but it’s going to be a surprise. Luna Hansen go out hiking, so much so she’s still learning